Style Request: Leonardo

edited January 19, 2019
Journal: Leonardo
Web address:

ISSN: 0024-094X
E-ISSN: 1530-9282


Sample articles (a few are included, the usage seems inconsistent):

Standard examples:

In-text citation:



1. J.L. Campbell and O.K. Pedersen, "The Varieties of Capitalism and Hybrid Success," Comparative Political Studies 40, No. 3 307–332 (2005).

Volume number should be bold

2. I. Mares, "Firms and the Welfare State: When, Why, and How Does Social Policy Matter to Employers?" In P.A. Hall and D. Soskice, eds., Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001) pp. 184–213.

Subsequent mentions in the bibliography should be:

[# of appearance] See Mares [# of first mention] p. #.

Number separators in page numbers are n-dashes

Extract from instructions:

Reference numbers in the text should appear IN NUMERICAL ORDER in brackets on the line of the text. Do not use auto-formatted reference numbers that are available in word-processing programs in the inline text references or in the "References and Notes" section at the end of the article. Do not use superscript numbers.

Each reference number should appear ONLY ONCE in the text. Subsequent references to the same source should have a new number and refer back to the initial reference.


12. See Jones [1] p. 32.

Do not use footnotes. Notes to the text should be formatted as references.
Abbreviate four or more author names to "et al."

In the text, more than one reference can be grouped within a single set of brackets as follows:

[1,2] (no space between comma and next number)

[1--5] (for more than two refs)

For books and exhibition catalogs, use the following format:

Sequential number. Author, Title of Book (place of publication: short form of publisher's name, date) page numbers. Include name of editor or translator, edition, date of original publication and any other pertinent information. Include page numbers of quotes.


1. Jonathan Smith, Visual and Plastic Arts (London: John Doe Press, 1976) p. 5.

Examples of alternative listings:

If editor credit only—no author:

2. Joe Jones, ed., Visual and Plastic Arts (London: John Doe Press, 1976) p. 5.

If no publisher available (City: date):

2. Joe Jones, ed., Visual and Plastic Arts (London: 1976) p. 5.

If no city available (Publisher, date):

2. Joe Jones, ed., Visual and Plastic Arts (John Doe Press, 1976) p. 5.

Chapter in a book:

2. Julie Anderson, “Art Now,” in Art Forever (New York: Albany Univ. Press, 1988) pp. 17--29.

For periodicals, use the following format:

Sequential number. Author, “Title of Article,” Name of Periodical Volume Number, Issue Number, pages (date). Include both volume and issue numbers. If an issue number isn't available, insert date in its place. Include page numbers of quotes.


3. L. Artel, “Art and Technology,” Leonardo 39, No. 1, 435--441 (2005).
If no issue number:

4. E. Coleman, “Appreciating ‘Traditional’ Aboriginal Art Aesthetically,” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 62 (2004) pp. 235--247.

For unpublished papers


5. Ron Nachmann, "Nonsensical Editorial Guidelines," unpublished manuscript, 1998.

For performances


6. Ron Nachmann, Editorial Dance of Woe, ISAST Theater, San Francisco, California, 1998.

For notes, use the following format:

Sequential number. Note text that is cited in the text.


7. The priming layers on these paintings were made with similar combinations of zinc and lead white, with a small amount of calcium-containing filler.

For online references, include the URL in angle brackets and provide the access date. Remove all hyperlinks and "http://" from address.


8. Kadhim Shubber, “This German artist is training geese to fly to the moon,” Wired.UK, 9 September 2013, , accessed 14 December 2016.

9. This experiment is described at , accessed 20 October 2013.
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